农业图书情报学报 ›› 2022, Vol. 34 ›› Issue (5): 4-20.doi: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.22-0359

• 专家笔谈 •    下一篇

推进新时代古籍工作,加快创新智能化发展

黄水清1, 王晓光2, 夏翠娟3, 欧阳剑4,5,6   

  1. 1.南京农业大学信息管理学院, 南京210033;
    2.武汉大学信息管理学院, 武汉430064;
    3.上海图书馆, 上海200031;
    4.上海外国语大学图书馆, 上海200083;
    5.上海外国语大学数字学术中心, 上海200083;
    6.中国国际舆情研究中心, 上海200083
  • 出版日期:2022-05-05 发布日期:2022-05-27
  • 作者简介:黄水清(1964- ),博士,教授,博士生导师,南京农业大学信息管理学院,研究方向为自然语言处理与文本挖掘、信息计量。E-mail:sqhuang@njau.edu.cn; 王晓光(1978-),教授,博士生导师,武汉大学信息管理学院,研究方向为数字人文、知识组织、语义出版等。Email:wxguang@whu.edu.cn; 夏翠娟(1979- ),研究员,上海图书馆,研究方向为元数据、知识本体、关联数据、数字人文与文化记忆。Email:cjxia@libnet.sh.cn; 欧阳剑,研究员,上海外国语大学图书馆,研究方向为信息资源管理、数字人文、国际传播。Email:oyjjj@163.com

Advancing the Work on Ancient Classics in the New Era and Accelerating Innovative and Intelligent Development

HUANG Shuiqing1, WANG Xiaoguang2, XIA Cuijuan3, OUYANG Jiang4,5,6   

  1. 1. College of Information Management, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095;
    2. School of information management, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072;
    3. Shanghai Library, Shanghai 200031;
    4. Library of Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai 200083;
    5. Digital Scholarship Center of Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai 200083;
    6. Center for Global Public Opinion of China, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai 200083
  • Online:2022-05-05 Published:2022-05-27

摘要: 《关于推进新时代古籍工作的意见》的颁布,给古籍典藏保护与整理研究、数字人文创新发展和文化产业提质升级都带来了重大发展机遇。改革开放40余年来,中国古籍事业取得了丰硕成果,为了推进新时代古籍工作,促进古籍事业繁荣发展,让古籍在新时代焕发活力,我刊围绕4个方向组织专题研讨。1)计算人文应成为新时代古籍整理与研究的重要学科方法。充分运用计算人文理论与方法,发挥古籍知识库及其知识服务平台在人文计算、语义出版、文化普及中的优势,可为新时代古籍工作赋予更丰富的资源基础、更便捷的技术支持与更直观的推广形式。2)数智赋能时代的古籍研究和工作必将走向更加繁荣的未来。近年来,随着图像OCR识别、自然语言处理和机器学习技术的进步及其在古籍工作中的成功应用,古籍工作开始从数字化向智能化阶段迈进。3)新技术将促进古籍的共享、传播与利用。虽然古籍工作者长期以来通过建立制度层面上的规范保障、探索借助技术的发展来降低共享的成本和门槛,但在如何取得保藏和利用之间的平衡方面,仍然达不到理想的效果。引入区块链等新技术,非同质化代币等新业务模式,“数字藏品”的产业链将会为古籍数字资源的资产化管理,文创产品开发和古籍数字内容的链上循证提供新的契机。4)古籍的活化利用是新时代古籍工作的新任务。将文本化、数据化、知识化作为新时代古籍资源转化利用的手段,并积极建设“国家古籍数字资源平台”,通过人工智能、VR技术、虚拟现实等智能媒介驱动古籍知识体系建设,让古籍真正“活”起来。

关键词: 新时代古籍工作, 计算人文, 古籍数字化, 数字人文, 数字藏品, 古籍保护

Abstract: The promulgation of the Opinions on Advancing the Management Work on Ancient Classics in the New Era brought great development opportunities to the research on protection and management of ancient books and documents, the innovative development of digital humanities and the upgrading of cultural industry. Over the past 40 years of reform and opening up, the work on protection and management of ancient books and documents in China has achieved fruitful results. In order to advance the management work on ancient classics in the new era, and promote the sharing, publicity and reuse of ancient books and docuemnts, the Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture organized a special seminar on four directions.1)Computing humanities should become an important discipline method for the research and management work of ancient books and docuemnts in the new era. By making full use of computing humanities' theories and methods, and giving full play to the advantages of the knowledge base of ancient classics and related knowledge service platforms in humanities computing, semantic publishing and cultural popularization, more abundant resource base, more convenient technical support and more intuitive promotion form for the work on ancient classics in the New Era will be obtained.2)Data intelligence empowerment brings new opportunities to the development of ancient classics. In recent years, with the progress of image OCR recognition, natural language processing and machine learning technologies and their successful applications in the managment work on ancient books and documents, the management work on ancient classics has begun to advance from digital development to intelligent development.3)New technologies are explored for the sharing, publicity and reuse of ancient classics. Although the professionals in the industry of ancient books have been reducing the cost of and limitation to sharing ancient books by establishing the normative guarantee at the institutional level and exploring technological forces for a long time, they still fail to achieve the ideal effect on how to achieve the balance between preservation and utilization. The introduction of new technologies such as blockchain, the new business models such as non-homogeneous tokens, and the initial formation of new digital media industry chains such as "virtual digital human" and "digital collections" will provide new opportunities for the asset-based management of ancient books, and the development of cultural and creative products and the evidence-based on-chain based on the digital content of ancient books.4)Vitality and utilization of ancient books is the new task for the professionals in the industry. The aim can be achieved by using the text-orientation, datafication and knowledgeization as the means of transformation and utilization of ancient book resources in the new era, actively building the national digital resource platform of ancient books, and constructing the ancient book knowledge system through artificial intelligence, virtual reality technologies, and other intelligent media.

Key words: management work on ancient books in the new era, computing humanities, digitalization of ancient books, digital humanities, digital collections, ancient books' protection

中图分类号: 

  • G255.1

引用本文

黄水清, 王晓光, 夏翠娟, 欧阳剑. 推进新时代古籍工作,加快创新智能化发展[J]. 农业图书情报学报, 2022, 34(5): 4-20.

HUANG Shuiqing, WANG Xiaoguang, XIA Cuijuan, OUYANG Jiang. Advancing the Work on Ancient Classics in the New Era and Accelerating Innovative and Intelligent Development[J]. Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture, 2022, 34(5): 4-20.