农业图书情报学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (9): 6-14.doi: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.09.20-0411

所属专题: 数字人文专刊

• 从技术视角看数字人文实践研究 • 上一篇    下一篇

数字人文中图像资源的语义化标注研究

陈涛1,*, 单蓉蓉2, 李惠1,3   

  1. 1.上海图书馆(上海科学技术情报研究所),上海 201100;
    2.上海大学 图书情报档案系,上海 200444;
    3.南京大学 信息管理学院,南京 210046
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-08 出版日期:2020-09-05 发布日期:2020-09-30
  • 作者简介:陈涛(1981- ),男,工学博士,高级工程师,研究方向为知识图谱、关联数据,E-mail: tchen@libnet.sh.cn。单蓉蓉(1987-),女,博士研究生,研究方向为数字人文。李惠(1987- ),女,理学博士,研究方向为数字人文、社会网络
  • 基金资助:
    国家社会科学基金项目“数字人文中图像文本资源的语义化建设与开放图谱构建研究”(19BTQ024)

Semantic Annotation of Image Resources in Digital Humanities

CHEN Tao1,*, SHAN Rongrong2, LI Hui1,3   

  1. 1. Shanghai Library/Institute of Scientific & Technical Information of Shanghai, Shanghai 201100;
    2. Department of Library, Information and Archives, Shanghai University, Shanghai 200444;
    3. Department of Information Management, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210046
  • Received:2020-01-08 Online:2020-09-05 Published:2020-09-30

摘要: [目的/意义]数字人文领域存在的大量图像资源长期以来一直没有得到有效的利用,图像孤岛现象愈演愈烈。国际图像互操作框架(IIIF)为图像资源的深度交互和应用打开了新的窗口,而图像标注正是打通图像孤岛、提升图像认知的关键。[方法/过程]论文基于IIIF框架提出了“图像层面的元数据注入”“对象层面的内容录入”和“语义层面的语义引入”的3层标注模型。同时,文中构建的本体管理平台为图像资源的语义化标注提供了本体上的支持。[结果/结论]以韩干《照夜白图》为例,探讨了使用图像标注和IIIF技术在图像内容语义增强、对象标签聚类和资源精准关联等方面所带来的新的交互体验和研究模式。可以说,IIIF、关联数据(Linked Data)和人工智能(AI)的结合必将开启数字人文研究的新时代。

关键词: 国际图像互操作框架(IIIF), 语义化标注, 本体, 关联数据, 数字人文

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] A large number of image resources in digital humanities have not been in effective use for a long time, and the phenomenon of "isolated image islands" is intensifying. The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) opens a new window for more in-depth interactions with image applications. Image annotation is the key to breaking image islands and enhancing image recognition. [Method/Process] Based on IIIF framework, this paper proposes three dimensions of image annotation: image-level metadata injection, object-level content transcription, and semantic-level deep annotation connection. At the same time, the ontology management platform built in the paper provides ontology support for semantic annotation of image resources. [Results/Conclusions] This paper takes Night-Shining White, a monochrome ink-on-paper painting by Han Gan, as an example. In this case, the paper discusses the new interactive experience and research mode brought by the use of image annotation and IIIF technology in semantic enhancement of images, object tag clustering and precise associations of resources. It indicates that the combination of IIIF, linked data and artificial intelligence (AI) is bound to open a new era of digital humanities research.

Key words: international image interoperability framework (IIIF), semantic annotation, ontology, linked data, digital humanities

中图分类号: 

  • G250

引用本文

陈涛, 单蓉蓉, 李惠. 数字人文中图像资源的语义化标注研究[J]. 农业图书情报学报, 2020, 32(9): 6-14.

CHEN Tao, SHAN Rongrong, LI Hui. Semantic Annotation of Image Resources in Digital Humanities[J]. Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture, 2020, 32(9): 6-14.