农业图书情报学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (8): 34-39.doi: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.08.19-1166

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

区块链技术在高校科研诚信建设中的应用探索

周婕, 刘海涛   

  1. 辽宁师范大学 图书馆,大连 116029
  • 收稿日期:2020-01-08 出版日期:2020-08-05 发布日期:2020-09-02
  • 作者简介:周婕(1982- ),女,馆员,研究方向为图书馆数字资源管理和大数据分析。ORCID:0000-0002-1513-5202。刘海涛(1983- ),男,馆员,研究方向为图书馆学基础理论,图书馆公共文化服务。ORCID:0000-0003-1714-875X
  • 基金资助:
    中国图书馆学会2020年阅读推广课题“基于区块链技术的阅读推广智能服务架构研究”(YD2020B76)

Application of Blockchain Technology in the Construction of Scientific Research Integrity in Universities

ZHOU Jie, LIU Haitao   

  1. Library of Liaoning Normal University, Dalian 116029
  • Received:2020-01-08 Online:2020-08-05 Published:2020-09-02

摘要: [目的/意义]区块链技术的发展给科研诚信建设带来了新的契机。利用区块链的不可篡改,不可伪造等特性有效解决科研成果的可信度和真伪辨别等问题。链上数据的有序模式和固定格式也为统一各平台参差不齐的数据提供解决方案。[方法/过程]笔者在区块链严谨的层级结构上,设计符合科研诚信系统特点的架构模型,应用开源技术平台进行数据分类存储及上链操作,基于图书馆机构知识库及毕业生论文平台,分析科研不端行为被记录及数据追踪的过程。[结果/结论]利用区块链分布式存储等特点让图书馆管理平台中的科研成果公开透明,保障科研版权的同时,也让抄袭、伪造数据等学术不端行为得以显现,从而有效提高科研诚信主动意识,为科研机构和科研人员提供了理论和实践的帮助。

关键词: 区块链, 科研诚信, 学术诚信, 图书馆

Abstract: [Purpose / Significance] The development of blockchain technology has brought new opportunities to the construction of scientific research integrity. Utilizing the characteristics of blockchain that cannot be tampered with and forged, it can effectively solve problems such as the credibility of scientific research results and the identification of authenticity. The ordered pattern and fixed format of the data on the chain also provide solutions for unifying the uneven data of various platforms. [Method / Process] Based on the rigorous hierarchical structure of the blockchain, this paper designs an architectural model that conforms to the characteristics of a scientific research integrity system. It applies an open source technology platform for data classification storage and on-chain operations. Based on the library institutional repository and graduates' paper platform, this paper analyzes the process by which scientific misconduct is recorded and tracked. [Results / Conclusions] The characteristics of distributed storage of the blockchain will make the scientific research results in the library management platform open and transparent, while protecting the copyright of scientific research. It also allows academic misconduct such as plagiarism and falsified data to appear, thereby effectively improving scientific research proactive awareness of integrity and providing theoretical and practical help to scientific institutions and researchers.

Key words: blockchain, research integrity, academic integrity, library

中图分类号: 

  • G250

引用本文

周婕, 刘海涛. 区块链技术在高校科研诚信建设中的应用探索[J]. 农业图书情报学报, 2020, 32(8): 34-39.

ZHOU Jie, LIU Haitao. Application of Blockchain Technology in the Construction of Scientific Research Integrity in Universities[J]. Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture, 2020, 32(8): 34-39.