农业图书情报学报 ›› 2021, Vol. 33 ›› Issue (5): 40-50.doi: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0916

• 研究论文 • 上一篇    下一篇

面向专利供应链的高校图书馆专利信息服务策略

曾金晶, 刘田, 张锐*   

  1. 福建农林大学 图书馆,福州 350002
  • 收稿日期:2020-10-11 出版日期:2021-05-05 发布日期:2021-06-03
  • 通讯作者: *张锐(ORCID:0000-0002-6767-4574),女,硕士,馆员,研究方向为信息资源管理。Email:307812641@qq.com
  • 作者简介:曾金晶(ORCID:0001-6078-1708),女,博士,馆员,研究方向为信息管理与知识产权。刘田(ORCID:0000-0001-6345-7452),女,硕士,馆员,研究方向为智慧图书馆
  • 基金资助:
    国家社科基金项目“网络信息资源著作权侵权风险动态评估及风险沟通机制研究”(15BTQ049); 国家自然科学基金项目“演化博弈视角下视频类知识付费内容著作权侵权风险分析及治理机制研究”(71804024); 福建省中青年项目“高校专利信息化的驱动机制及其模式研究”(JAT170208)

Patent Information Service Strategies of Academic Libraries Oriented to Patent Supply Chain

ZENG Jinjing, LIU Tian, ZHANG Rui*   

  1. Library, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002
  • Received:2020-10-11 Online:2021-05-05 Published:2021-06-03

摘要: [目的/意义]统筹规划、有的放矢的高校图书馆专利信息服务,对于促进国家科技创新管理效益起到重要作用。[方法/过程]通过梳理高校专利产出流程,构建高校专利供应链模型,应用系统动力学方法分析面向高校专利供应链的信息服务影响因素和影响机制,探讨了面向高校专利供应链的信息服务策略。[结果/结论]研究表明,技术趋势分析对提升专利转化质量具有重要作用;当专利维持时长、专利授权率或其转化平均收益值降低时,进行科研评估能有效提升专利转化质量;当用户的专利意识或技术接收比例系数与专利申请或转化数量变化趋势相反时,开展政策反馈能保持专利质量。基于以上结论,从拓展服务体系、增强自身数据实力、加强对外输出等方面提出对策建议。

关键词: 高校图书馆, 专利信息服务, 专利供应链, 因果关系图, 专利分析

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] The overall planning and targeted patent information services provided by university libraries play an important role in promoting the management efficiency of national scientific and technological innovation. [Method/Process] By summarizing the mode and process of patent output in universities, this study constructed the model of academic patent supply chain, discussing the information service strategies oriented to university patent supply chain. [Results/Conclusions] The results show that technological trend analysis plays a significant role in improving patent conversion rate. When patent maintenance time is long, patent licensing rate or the average profit value of patent conversion is reduced, scientific evaluation has an effect on improving the quality of patent conversion. When the user's patent awareness or technology acceptance ratio coefficient is contrary to the changing trend of the number of patent applications or conversion, policy feedback measures should be taken to maintain patent quality. Based on the above conclusions, this study puts forward some countermeasures and suggestions from the aspects of expanding the service system, strengthening the data ability and increase exports.

Key words: academic library, patent information service, supply chain, casual loop, patent analysis

中图分类号: 

  • G251

引用本文

曾金晶, 刘田, 张锐. 面向专利供应链的高校图书馆专利信息服务策略[J]. 农业图书情报学报, 2021, 33(5): 40-50.

ZENG Jinjing, LIU Tian, ZHANG Rui. Patent Information Service Strategies of Academic Libraries Oriented to Patent Supply Chain[J]. Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture, 2021, 33(5): 40-50.