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05 January 2022, Volume 34 Issue 1
Information Poverty Alleviation: The Key to Consolidating the Achievements of Targeted Poverty Alleviation and Building the Relative Poverty Reduction Mechanism | Open Access
ZHOU Wenjie
2022, 34(1):  6-15.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0432
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[Purpose/Significance] Consolidating the achievements of targeted poverty alleviation and building a relative poverty reduction mechanism will be the key problem for Chinese government after 2020; information poverty alleviation is expected to play a key role in the future poverty reduction in China. [Method/Process] Based on a systematic literature review and an on-site investigation, this study made an in-depth analysis on the policy documents issued by Chinese government in past decades to shed light on the governance and intervention on information poverty. [Results/Conclusions] Although China's information poverty reduction policy has made remarkable achievements, there are still some problems, including "to pay too much attention on the information infrastructure construction instead of the how to use them", " investment, but not evaluation, is put on the top priority", "the content of information poverty reduction project remains vague", "compared to social level information resource allocation, individual level information poverty intervention is ignored", and " emphasizing too much on the coverage of information sources instead of identification of those vulnerable people in the information society". Thus, based on an analysis of logic association between information poverty and economically relative poverty, this study puts forward some policy related suggestions and potential research items for future research.
How to Create a New Digital Culture Environment for Teenagers in Poor Rural Areas Under the Background of Rural Revitalization: Based on a Study on Internet Use Behavior and Library Services Needs of Left-Behind Children | Open Access
WANG Sufang, TAN Qingan
2022, 34(1):  16-37.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0764
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[Purpose/Significance] How such public culture service institutions as libraries create a better digital culture environment for children in poor rural areas under the background of digital villages is worth our attention. [Method/Process] The Internet usage behavior and needs and expectations for library services of left-behind children were examined through mixed methods of questionnaire, focus group interviews and one-on-one interviews on the middle school students, teachers and parents in Longshan County, Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Hunan Province. [Results/Conclusions] It was found that rural children preferred to use the Internet for entertainment when they were online. Internet use behavior had little to do with left-behind experience, but was significantly related to gender, education of guardians, and surrounding culture environment. The poor rural region is seriously lack of a good digital cultural environment and social support systems for teenagers. Public cultural institutions, such as school libraries and public libraries should improve their functions and services, especially digital culture services according to the needs and behavioral characteristics of teenagers.
Characteristics of Information Poverty in Rural Areas in the Era of Digitalization & Intellectualization: Explorations Based on Field Cases | Open Access
FAN Zhenjia, LIU Zhaoyi, YANG Xieyi
2022, 34(1):  38-48.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0984
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[Purpose/Significance] As the new generation of ICTs, such as 5G, big data and artificial intelligence, continues to release development effects in the construction of digital countryside, rural residents in an information disadvantaged position are likely to be excluded by a new round of ICT innovation wave and fall into a new information poverty. Therefore, sorting out the new characteristics of rural information poverty in the digital era is of great practical significance. [Method/Process] The basic information, ICT access and use, information behavior and information environment of rural residents were obtained through field investigation and in-depth interview, and the characteristics of rural information poverty in the era of digitalization & intellectualization were sorted out. [Results/Conclusions] Six new changes brought by digitalization and intelligentization to rural information practice are described. It is found that factors such as time and space energy, intellectual level, social support and individual psychological factors affect the accumulation of digital capital of rural residents. It has concluded characteristics of rural information poverty, such as invalid use of ICT equipment, a new round of digital exclusion and invalid digital feedback.
Summary of the 10th China OA Week: Voices from Some Stakeholders on the Construction of China's Open Scientific Innovation Ecology | Open Access
HUANG Jinxia, WANG Xuan, YANG Heng, LIU Jingyu, ZHANG Zhixiong, LIU Xiwen
2022, 34(1):  49-61.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.22-0019
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[Purpose/Significance] The theme of the 10th China OA Week is "the significance and impact of Open Science", which marks that China's most important open access platform has transferred to the theme of Open Science, and it meets the needs of the development trend. [Method/Process] Many experts and representatives at home and abroad were invited to discuss the objectives, key issues, practical cases and development suggestions of Open Science. [Results/Conclusions] The conference issued a call for the construction of China's open and innovative ecology, and preliminarily outlined the development status of China's Open Science. In response to the national requirements for promoting the development of Open Science, China OA week and its research results will continue to help promote the Open Science movement in China.
Exploration Based on the Al-Suqri Model: An Empirical Study on Academic Information Seeking Behavior of the Young and Middle-Aged Chinese Modern History Scholars in the Process of Digital Transformation | Open Access
ZHAN Yike, CHEN Xiyu
2022, 34(1):  62-73.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0553
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[Purpose/Significance] In the digital transformation process, electronic information resource is ever-increasing, which constitutes the new information environment combined with traditional paper resource. However, the seeking behavior of humanities for different types of information resource has not received enough attention, and further concentration is required. [Method/Process] This paper reviews the relevant domestic and foreign research, and selects the academic information seeking behavior model proposed by Mohammed Al-Suqri to carry out the study, which is mainly based on the "categorization-sifting-selecting resources-collecting information" process. The researchers interviewed 10 young and middle-aged Chinese modern history scholars from six domestic universities, and discussed different characteristics of these scholars' academic information seeking behaviors under the two environments by analyzing the contents of interview results. [Results/Conclusions] This study proposes the extended Al-Suqri model targeted on the detailed humanities' academic information seeking process in both paper and digital environments.
Analysis of Public Emergency Information Search Behavior and Research on Service Strategy Under Financial Emergencies | Open Access
ZHAO Xueqin, YANG Yifan
2022, 34(1):  74-85.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0413
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[Purpose/Significance] Financial emergencies can easily lead to systemic financial crises and affect national economic and social development. In this context, carrying out emergency information search activities is conducive to the public's use of financial emergency information and strategies to stop losses in a timely manner, and it is also indispensable for financial risk emergency management and emergency information services. [Methods/Process] This paper uses literature research, interviews, and questionnaire surveys to derive public financial emergency information search behavior patterns, and combines analysis methods such as mean calculation and two-step clustering to construct a public financial emergency information search behavior model. [Results/Conclusions] The study found and constructed three types of group models: passive difficulty type, diving browsing type and active barrier-free type. Passive and difficult groups have a low risk of disaster, and their emergency information search behavior is more passive; the diving browsing group has a moderate risk of disaster and will actively search for emergency information; the active barrier-free group has a higher risk of disaster, and its perception of search obstacles is weak, and its emergency information search behavior is positive. It also provides relevant suggestions for optimizing financial risk emergency information services based on the three types of models.
Top Experts Identification and Evaluation of International Cooperation on Artificial Intelligence in China | Open Access
LIN Zhuo, HUANG Haohai
2022, 34(1):  86-95.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0035
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[Purpose/Significance] The paper aims to identify and evaluate the top experts of international cooperation of artificial intelligence (AI) in China, so as to provide references for further international cooperation on AI in China. [Method/Process] The top AI experts whose H index is greater than 40 are selected as the research object. Based on Aminer platform, this paper identifies top AI experts for international cooperation in China, and uses Topsis method to evaluate academic level of these experts. [Results/Conclusions] The results show that: (1) The cooperation of top experts between China and the United States is more frequently than that between China and other countries combined. (2) Top experts are mainly male, and the proportion of women is extremely low. (3) The institutions of top experts are distributed in 22 countries (regions) around the world, and the distribution of institutions is generally consistent with the situation of science & technology and economic strength of each region. (4) Some of top experts have the dual identities of university researchers and enterprise scientists. (5) Chinese and American top experts play a leading role in international cooperation in the field of academic papers. International migration of AI scientists reflects in Chinese scholars studying or working abroad, while the main international expert recruits in China are American experts. Meanwhile,although international AI cooperation has been fully carried out in China, it still has not established effective interflow and direct cooperation with some top experts, which include some leading AI experts.
Application Research of E-Reserve Construction Based on "Course Reference Books" | Open Access
DONG Jingxiang, DENG Zongji, ZHANG Jing
2022, 34(1):  96-103.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.21-0471
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[Purpose/Significance] The construction of teaching reference resources, as an important part of the literature resource construction in a university library, is the direct embodiment of the library service for faculty members. It is of great significance to provide better support for faculty through the construction of e-reserves. [Method/Process] Based on the analysis and summary of the research status of the construction of e-reserves in university libraries in China, this paper puts forward the construction idea of providing access to e-reserves by expanding the function of the module of course reference books in the library management system. [Results/Conclusions] By adding e-book links to the collection information of course reference books in Libsys system, this paper provides readers with e-reserves, realizes the basic function of e-reserves service, and provides a feasible alternative scheme for the construction of e-reserves in university libraries in China.