农业图书情报学报 ›› 2020, Vol. 32 ›› Issue (10): 4-15.doi: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.10.20-0454

所属专题: 农业科学数据专题

• 农业科学数据专题 •    下一篇

中国开放政府农业数据分析与评价

姜恩波1,2, 李娜1,2   

  1. 1.中国科学院 成都文献情报中心,成都 610041;
    2.中国科学院大学 经济与管理学院图书情报与档案管理系,北京 100190
  • 收稿日期:2020-06-30 出版日期:2020-10-05 发布日期:2020-11-20
  • 作者简介:姜恩波(ORCID:0000-0001-7890-9917),硕士,研究馆员,中国科学院成都文献情报中心。李娜,硕士,研究方向为政策计量学
  • 基金资助:
    四川省科技厅国际合作项目“面向知识服务的农业科学数据与科技文献关联融汇服务系统研究与示范”(2017HH0094)

Analysis and Evaluation of Chinese Open Government Agricultural Data

JIANG Enbo1,2, LI Na1,2   

  1. 1. Chengdu Library and Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610041;
    2. University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, School of Economics and Management, Department of Library Information and Archives Management, Beijing 100049
  • Received:2020-06-30 Online:2020-10-05 Published:2020-11-20

摘要: [目的/意义]农业农村部和各省的农业行政主管部门是推动农业农村大数据发展的主要力量。本文通过调研全国31个省、自治区、直辖市的农业开放政府数据现状,了解、分析并评价全国开放政府数据中农业数据的发布、共享、标准化和应用情况,据此提出可行的建议。[方法/过程]通过调研、统计全国31个省市、自治区、直辖市的开放政府数据平台,对平台总体情况以及各省、自治区、直辖市农业行政主管部门所发布涉农数据的内容进行整理、规范和总结,从数据更新时间、数据应用许可、数据下载等几个方面进行分析。同时,结合FAIR规范,从数据的可发现性、可活动性、可互操作性以及可重用性4个方面进行评价。[结果/结论]目前中国农业数据的整理、发布和共享都还处于初级阶段。虽然各级政府制定了相应的法规、政策,但是从政策落地的效果来看并不理想。农业农村部应该与各省级农业行政主管部门联合起来共同推动政府农业数据的开放与应用。同时,积极与国际开放政府数据的建设模式接轨,提高数据发布、管理和服务的能力。

关键词: 开放政府数据, 农业大数据, 智慧农业

Abstract: [Purpose/Significance] The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China and the agricultural administrative departments of various provinces play a major role in promoting agricultural and rural big data development. This paper aims to learn, analyze and evaluate the data publishing, sharing, standardization and applications by investigating the open governmental agricultural data in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities in the mainland of China, and propose suggestions for improvement accordingly. [Method/Process] We investigated the open government platforms built by 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities), sorted out the content published in these platforms, and standardized and summarized the investigation data. We made an analysis based on the update time of data, license of data applications, and download of data. Meanwhile, combined with FAIR data principles, we evaluated the data from the findability, accessibility, interoperability and reuse of the data.[Results/Conclusions] At present, the management, publishing and sharing of agricultural data in China is at an elementary stage. Although various governments formulated regulations and policies, the implementation of these regulations and policies is unsatisfactory. The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs of China should join hands with the agricultural administrative departments of various provinces to promote the opening and use of government agricultural data. Meanwhile, they should be in line with the construction mode of the international open government data and improve their capabilities in data publishing, management and services.

Key words: open government data, agriculture big data, intelligent agriculture, scientific data

中图分类号: 

  • G250

引用本文

姜恩波, 李娜. 中国开放政府农业数据分析与评价[J]. 农业图书情报学报, 2020, 32(10): 4-15.

JIANG Enbo, LI Na. Analysis and Evaluation of Chinese Open Government Agricultural Data[J]. Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture, 2020, 32(10): 4-15.