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Current Issue
05 February 2021, Volume 33 Issue 2
Patent intelligence analysis
Benchmarking Research on Patent Technology of RV Reducer of Robot in China and Japan from the Perspective of Chinese Patent Intelligence | Open Access
LI Xin
2021, 33(2):  5-11.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0486
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[Purpose/Significance] The paper analyzes systematically the status of research and development (R&D) of RV reducers which are the core of robot technologies, sorts out the context of technological development, and looks into the current situation and shortcomings of technological innovation in this field in China. [Method/Process] Using the method of benchmarking on the present situation and development trend of RV reducers of robot technologies in China and Japan, the paper focused on the patent technology analysis of RV reducers including the patent competitors, the layout of patent technology R&D, high-value patents, and the legal status of patent applications. [Results/Conclusions] Although the R&D of RV reducer technologies in China is developing rapidly, China is inferior to Japan in both quantity and quality. In the technological field, the core technology is not yet mastered and the processing accuracy is difficult to surpass Japan, so it is necessary to increase R&D investment and develop RV reducers which can be suitable for local production in China.
An Analysis of Technological Competition and Cooperation between China and Singapore from the Perspective of Patents | Open Access
FAN Jiujiang, LI Rui
2021, 33(2):  12-23.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0714
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[Purpose/Significance] As an important country along the "One Belt and One Road" routes, Singapore is an important trading partner of China. By comparing and analyzing the valid invention patents of China and Singapore in each other's country, we can discover the technology competition and cooperation situation between China and Singapore, which provides reference for the relevant patentees of the two countries to carry out technological cooperation. [Method/Process] We adopt the method of comparative analysis to explain the technological structure and industrial advantages of China and Singapore in each other's countries, and explore the overall situation of technological competition and cooperation between the two countries. The citation analysis method is used to analyze the citing coupling relationships between Singapore's patents in China and Chinese patents, exploring the competition and cooperation relationships between the two countries in specific technologies in the Chinese market. [Results/Conclusions] Through comparative analysis, it is found that the distribution of patents between China and Singapore in each other's countries is closely related to the relationship between the two countries and the development of domestic industries. The two countries have highly overlapping patent technologies in each other's market layout, which presents strong technical competition on the whole. Through the exploration of the patent citation coupling relationships between China and Singapore, it is found that competition and cooperation coexist in specific technologies.
Comparative Analysis of Registered Patents between Malaysia and China | Open Access
XIANG Shuxuan, LI Rui
2021, 33(2):  24-34.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0669
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[Purpose/Significance] Malaysia is an important member of "one belt, one road". A comparative analysis of patents on the national level brings macro-level scientific and technological information. It can provide reference for the strategy of building "one belt, one road" and formulating science and technology related policies. [Method/Process] Through IPC statistics and keyword extraction, this paper interprets the technical field distribution of mutual registered patents between Malaysia and China in each other's countries. Then it compares and analyzes the registration time line, the type of patentees and the source country of citations, and then analyzes the patent competition relationships between the two countries based on IPC co-occurrence network and patent citation types.[Results/Conclusions] The results show that China has significant advantages in the fields of information technology and chemical engineering, while Malaysia has rich experience in the development of palm, rubber products and other animal and plant products; More types of Malaysian patentees are engaged in patent registering in China; Malaysia is technically dependent on China; Malaysia is competitive in the following fields: animal and plant product research and development, pharmaceutical manufacturing, general/special equipment manufacturing, electrical machinery manufacturing, environmental management, information transmission and software.
Discovery of Innovation Cooperation Opportunities between China and India Based on the Analysis of Patent Citations of Category A | Open Access
TANG Han, LI Rui
2021, 33(2):  35-43.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0712
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[Purpose/Significance] Through descriptive statistics of measurement indicators, this paper reveals the trend of India's scientific and technological innovation in the Chinese market, finds the possible opportunities for innovation cooperation between China and India, and puts forward relevant suggestions for strengthening the technological exchanges between China and India. [Method/Process] Patent information is an important source for research and innovation activities and scientific and technological information analysis. By taking Indian invention patents registered in China as the research object, the overall situation and the patent citations of Category A were analyzed. [Results/Conclusions] In an age of global value chain, innovation cooperation opportunities exist in every link in the chain of complementary cooperation mechanism between the nodes. Based on the above analysis results, this paper finds a series of innovation chains of mutually connected and complementary cooperative innovation opportunities between China and India, hoping to give suggestions on how to promote China-India technological exchange and cooperation in specific industries and provide data support for China-India scientific and technological cooperation.
Analysis of Patent Competition and Cooperation between China and Poland | Open Access
ZHANG Handong, LI Rui
2021, 33(2):  44-53.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0711
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[Purpose/Significance] Intellectual property cooperation has become an important part of the construction of "One Belt, One Road". Understanding the patent layout and competition and cooperation status between China and countries along the One Belt and One Road routes can provide some reference for technological cooperation between governments and enterprises and for scientific research and innovation institutions to determine R&D directions. [Method/Process] Based on the comparative analysis, using the data of mutual registration of invention patents, joint invention and joint patent applications between China and Poland, this paper depicts patent competition, including the patent timing, technology patterns, patentee layout and the present situation of patent cooperation between China and Poland.[Results/Conclusions] The patent layout of China and Poland is quite different, and the technological advantages of the two countries are different; there is a small-scale patent cooperation between China and Poland, and the competition situation is relatively moderate; the possibility for further patent cooperation between China and Poland exists.
Research paper
An Exploration of the Scholarly Integrity Mechanism Supported by Blockchain Technology in Scholarly Communication | Open Access
DING Jingda, YUAN Yiqing
2021, 33(2):  54-62.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-1195
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[Purpose/Significance] Academic integrity performs a basic role which safeguards the development of scientific research in the long run. Adopting the blockchain technology into the construction of scholarly integrity mechanism promotes the academic atmosphere, meanwhile provides a strong guarantee for the academic prosperity. [Method/Process] By revealing the current status of scholarly integrity, an integrity mechanism is attempted to be constructed based on the characteristics of the blockchain technology. [Results/Conclusions] From the three dimensions of the quality control mechanism, normativity, transparency and originality, and based on the scientific token exchange incentive mechanism, a new scholarly integrity mechanism has been constructed.
An Empirical Investigation on Reading Demands of Rural Adult Residents from the Perspective of Sociology: Based on the Survey of Three Towns in Guangdong Province | Open Access
WU Bi, WANG Chang
2021, 33(2):  63-73.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0488
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[Purpose/Significance] Reading is a social activity. Under the framework of the sociological theory, the analysis of the reading needs of rural adult residents can not only understand the differences in reading needs of different social groups, but also clarify how sociological factors affect rural residents' reading needs. [Methods/Process] This article is aimed at rural residents in three towns in Guangdong Province. Through questionnaire surveys, statistical methods were used to analyze the influence of such sociology factors as individual and family on the reading needs of rural adult residents and then this paper proposed a strategy to meet the reading needs of rural residents. [Results/Conclusions] It is believed that the service quality should be improved from four aspects: optimizing the resource structure, ensuring family reading, enhancing family reading atmosphere, and improving the construction of farm bookstores, and optimize farm bookstore services.
A Mobile Platform-Based Course Intelligent Question and Answer Service Mode and Its Implementations | Open Access
YAN Yimei, CHEN Hongbiao
2021, 33(2):  74-82.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0704
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[Purpose/Meaning] Multimedia methods are used in classroom teaching, with such characteristics as a large amount of information and fast pace, which doubles the pressure of extracurricular tutoring and answering service. This article proposes an active information service model of creating a course information system, establishing a course information database and linking it to a course information interaction platform.[Method/Process] By constructing a course answering robot and embedding it into the course interactive platform with the role of "intelligent teaching assistant", the information service can directly face the front line of teaching, and the extracurricular auxiliary teaching is more convenient and efficient. Taking the course WeChat group as an example platform, an "intelligent teaching assistant' role is generated in the form of an app and pulled into the group' giving certain online Q&A and online self-learning capabilities.[Results/Conclusions] The technical theories and methods of system development are briefly introduced. After the prototype system is tested the effectiveness and feasibility of the online role service model is initially verified. This article explores a new way in using modern information systems to actively serve the front line of teaching.
24-Hour Self-Service Architecture of Smart Libraries and Its Implementation | Open Access
HUANG Minli, ZHENG Cong, ZHENG Ting
2021, 33(2):  83-96.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0462
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[Purpose/Significance] Smart libraries are considered to be the dominant mode and highest form of future libraries. The smart service it provides has a natural demand for self-service, and readers can obtain it under the condition of "unattended" 24 hours a day for more efficient, convenient and intelligent services.[Method/Process] This paper analyzed the feasibility of 24-hour self-service of smart libraries from three aspects: technology, economy, and operation, and the implementation of the service from five aspects: management system, personnel management, reader management, space transformation, and service innovation, and the constraints that impede the service in smart libraries. [Results/Conclusions] Several suggestions were put forward, such as building a smart space, encouraging and supporting social forces to participate in the construction of private libraries, using strategies such as rural revitalization and cultural poverty alleviation to promote equalization of public cultural services, scientific site selection, and precise services.
Intelligent Applications Based on Library Wi-Fi Network | Open Access
ZHANG Qiang
2021, 33(2):  97-104.  DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.20-0497
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[Purpose/Significance] After nearly two decades of exploration, the library industry has played a positive role in the application of Wi-Fi technologies, but there are still many libraries which pay more attention to construction than to applications. Through the analysis of the successful applications of Wi-Fi technologies, this paper aims to help the libraries pay attention to and strengthen the in-depth research and development of the technology.[Method/Process]This paper expounds the application background of Wi-Fi in the library industry to prove its high availability, discusses the Wi-Fi network architecture and management experience, and demonstrates the effectiveness and significance of the technology in innovating library service mode and improving intelligent management system by collecting, sorting, displaying and analyzing typical application cases of Wi-Fi in libraries. [Results/Conclusions] According to the technical characteristics of Wi-Fi, combined with its good application results in the field of library knowledge services and intelligent management, the paper proves that through integration with other cutting-edge technologies, this technology will have great potential for further development, application and promotion in the library industry.