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    Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture    2020, 32 (9): 4-4.  
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    Semantic Annotation of Image Resources in Digital Humanities
    CHEN Tao, SHAN Rongrong, LI Hui
    Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture    2020, 32 (9): 6-14.   DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.09.20-0411
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    [Purpose/Significance] A large number of image resources in digital humanities have not been in effective use for a long time, and the phenomenon of "isolated image islands" is intensifying. The International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) opens a new window for more in-depth interactions with image applications. Image annotation is the key to breaking image islands and enhancing image recognition. [Method/Process] Based on IIIF framework, this paper proposes three dimensions of image annotation: image-level metadata injection, object-level content transcription, and semantic-level deep annotation connection. At the same time, the ontology management platform built in the paper provides ontology support for semantic annotation of image resources. [Results/Conclusions] This paper takes Night-Shining White, a monochrome ink-on-paper painting by Han Gan, as an example. In this case, the paper discusses the new interactive experience and research mode brought by the use of image annotation and IIIF technology in semantic enhancement of images, object tag clustering and precise associations of resources. It indicates that the combination of IIIF, linked data and artificial intelligence (AI) is bound to open a new era of digital humanities research.
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    Conversations across Time and Space: Constructing Memory Chains of Calligraphies and Paintings on the Basis of IIIF-IIP Platform
    LI Hui, CHEN Tao, SHAN Rongrong
    Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture    2020, 32 (9): 15-21.   DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.09.20-0504
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    [Objectives/Significances] Recently, Chinese colleges and research institutes have begun to use international image interactive framework to present Chinese calligraphies and paintings. But few knowledge discoveries are based on the historic inscriptions and colophons of Chinese calligraphies and paintings, also known as Tibas. Analyzing the historical trace of continuous inheritance via Tibas, we can not only browse China's history of calligraphies and paintings, but also delve into the individual cases, which are of significance of promotion of traditional research. [Methodology/Procedures] This paper proposes a memory chain model of calligraphies and paintings with the combination of IIIF-Immersing Interaction Platform (IIIF-IIP). We leverage the Tibas' annotations, seals, and historic figures, as well as external linked data repositories, in order to visualize the latent associations of calligraphies and paintings and analyze the important figures, network assortativity and contents of Tibas. [Results/Conclusions] The experimental results show the effectiveness and applicability of the proposed models, which can not only lay a foundation of the further research into Chinese calligraphies and paintings with more data, but also provide new clues and views in the related studies.
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    The Analysis of the Role of Digital Humanities in Sudden Public Crises: Taking COVID-19 as an Example
    JIA Xiaoshuang, YAO Jing
    Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture    2020, 32 (9): 22-30.   DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.09.20-0352
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    [Purpose/Significance] To effectively respond to various unexpected public crises in modern society, we need to adhere to the basic concept of a community of shared future and achieve collaborative governance. Since the Corona Virus Disease 2019(COVID-19) erupted around the world, various disciplines such as the emerging discipline of digital humanities have actively responded which caused positive impact and gain effective experience. [Method/Process] This article takes the content research method as the main research method, systematically investigates the frontier trends of digital humanities in responding to COVID-19, and selects 12 representative digital humanities projects at home and abroad for analysis. Taking information space theory as the theoretical basis, it analyzes from the three dimensions of coding, abstraction and diffusion. [Results/Conclusions] The results show that the positive role of digital humanities can play in unexpected public crises includes raising awareness of all levels of society of the importance of public crisis data and taking active actions, promoting wider public dissemination of public crisis information to achieve public education, and promoting the production and dissemination of new knowledge in various subject areas.
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    The Geographical Distribution and Causes of the Female Writers during Ming and Qing Dynasties in Spatial Horizon: A Case Study of Songjiang Prefecture
    PENG Xia, LIU Min, YANG Li, FAN Shan
    Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture    2020, 32 (9): 31-38.   DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.09.20-0132
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    [Purpose/Significance] The application of digital humanities and geographic information system can directly illustrate the geographical distribution characteristics of female writers in Ming and Qing dynasties, and provide quantitative references for the analysis of formation of such geographical distribution. [Method/Process] This paper analyzes the related information of female writers in Songjiang prefecture in the Ming Qing Women's Writings Database, including their dynasties, backgrounds, marital status, and works. Based on the geographical information system technologies, a visualization map for the geographical distribution of female writers in Songjiang prefecture during Ming and Qing dynasties is displayed. The correlation analysis is used to explore the influences of social economy and education on the geographical distribution of female writers from a spatial horizon. [Results/Conclusions] During Ming and Qing dynasties, there were 139 female writers in Songjiang prefecture. 77.7% of them were distributed in the central counties (such as Huating County, Lou County and Shanghai County), while 22.3% were distributed in other marginal counties. Additionally, the number of female writers in each county is significantly correlated with distinguished families and schools, but not with the farmland tax and the number of cotton industry towns in each county.
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    The Multi-lingual Knowledge Fusion Framework for Digital Humanities in Tibetan Studies Humanities in Tibetan Studies
    ZHAO Shenghui, HU Ying
    Journal of Library and Information Science in Agriculture    2020, 32 (9): 39-49.   DOI: 10.13998/j.cnki.issn1002-1248.2020.09.20-0387
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    [Purpose/Significance] To follow the trends of global digital humanities practice, advance the in-depth fusion of multi-sources, multi-forms, and multi-lingual knowledge in Tibetan Studies, and promote the modernization of Tibetan Studies in China. [Method/Process] Based on concepts and methods of digital humanities, the mechanism and approaches of multilingual knowledge fusion in Tibetan Studies are analyzed in this paper. Based on the top-level ontology framework of digital humanities (DHTO), a knowledge ontology framework in Tibetan Studies is constructed. Experiments on the fusion and retrieval of Tibetan, Chinese and English trilingual knowledge instances were carried out. [Results/Conclusions] The top-level ontology framework of digital humanities (DHTO) consists of 6 types of entities: time, location, organizations, individuals, things, and events. Knowledge ontology in Tibetan Studies can be expanded layer by layer based on the DHTO framework and the cross-language semantic connection can be achieved by multilingual equivalent name properties.
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